Sports and summer activities have been hitting hard this week. Centra Care physicians are reporting increases in lower-extremity fractures and injuries.
Bumps, breaks and bruises to the feet, knees and ankles have seen a significant jump, especially for the little ones.
The areas that reported the largest increase included:
Dr. Phillips – 500% (kids)
Lee Road – 200% (kids)
Mount Dora 400% (kids)
Oviedo 200% (kids)
Sprains and Strains
Stretching or tearing a ligament constitutes a Sprain. You’ll notice localized pain, and probably swelling, bruising and limited movement in the affected joint. You may even feel a pop or tear when the injury occurs.
A Strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon, like a hamstring. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over long periods of time. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms and difficult movement.
Usual symptoms of a fractured bone are pain, swelling, bruising and sometimes deformity at the site of injury. It can be difficult to diagnose a fracture on symptoms alone. One misconception is that because you can bend or move the injured arm or leg, it’s not broken. That’s false! To avoid further injury, it is best to get an x-ray of any traumatic injury (fall, twist, or sprain).
Be sure to clean the wound thoroughly by pouring clean water over it. Apply an antibacterial ointment and keep the area covered with a bandage; repeat these steps at least once a day. To stop any bleeding, apply constant pressure with a gauze pad or clean cloth. A doctor should evaluate large or deep cuts quickly, because if stitches are required, that procedure should take place within 8-12 hours of the injury.
According to the National Institutes of Heath, muscle contusion is second only to strain as the leading cause of sports-related injuries. Often appearing blue or purple in appearance, these bruises are often painful and swollen. You can get skin, muscle and bone bruises. Bone bruises are the most serious. It can take months for a bruise to fade, but most last about two weeks.