Health News

Black and Blue

Black and Blue seem to be the “in” colors this season, especially among kids. Centra Care physicians are seeing rising numbers of pediatric patients with both Upper and Lower Extremity Injuries – very common during summer vacation. Here are the locations with the greatest increases in kids with black and blues:

  • Longwood – Up 400%
  • LBV – Up 233%
  • Altamonte, Mount Dora & Oviedo – Up 200%
  • Clermont & Sanford – up 300%
  • Dr. Phillips – up 200%
  • Lake Buena Vista – up 233%


Typical symptoms of a fractured bone are pain, swelling, bruising, and sometimes deformity at the site of injury. It can be difficult to diagnose a fracture just on symptoms alone, and remember, just because you can bend or move the injured arm or leg, doesn’t mean it’s not broken. To avoid further injury, it is best to get an x-ray of any traumatic injury (fall, twist, or sprain) if there are any concerns like significant pain, swelling, or pain that just isn’t resolving after a short period of time.


One of the biggest concerns when it comes to cuts is infection. So be sure to clean the wound thoroughly by pouring clear water over it. Apply an antibacterial ointment and keep covered with a bandage; repeat these steps at least once a day. To stop any bleeding, apply constant pressure with a gauze pad or clean cloth. Something that’s very important to know about cuts, is that they should be evaluated by a doctor quickly, because if you need stitches, that procedure should take place within 8-12 hours of the injury.


According to the National Institutes of Heath, muscle contusion is second only to strain as the leading cause of sports-related injuries. Often appearing blue or purple in appearance, these bruises are often painful and swollen. You can get skin, muscle and bone bruises. Bone bruises are the most serious. It can take months for a bruise to fade, but most last about two weeks.


Stretching or tearing a ligament constitutes a sprain. You’ll notice localized pain, of course, but other symptoms include swelling, bruising and limited movement in the affected joint. You may possibly feel a pop or tear when the injury occurs.

A strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon, like a hamstring. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over long periods of time. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms and difficult movement.

To avoid injury or illness when participating in activities:

  • Be sure to warm up and cool down when appropriate
  • Wear protective gear – i.e. bike helmets, wrist & elbow guards, pads etc.
  • Rest, especially when your muscles are tired

Prevent “overuse” injuries (i.e. stress fractures, tendonitis, or inflamed joints) by not overdoing exercise. Condition your body before jumping into new activities.